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河北专接本英语高分必背的96个熟词生义

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 96个常考熟词生义


1. arm v. n. 武装起来, 武器(arms复数)(熟义:n.胳膊)

I have armed myself with all the facts I needed to prove my point.

我已经准备好充分的事实来证明我的观点。


2. alarm n. v. 恐慌(熟义:n.警报器)

We were alarmed by a sudden scream.


3.absent adj.茫然的,恍惚的(熟义:adj.缺席的)

She looked at the picture in an absent way.


4.address vt.发表演说(熟义:n.地址;v.写地址)

The president will address his speech at 3:00 pm.


5.against prep.映衬(熟义:prep.逆着,反对;倚,靠;碰)

The picture looks nice against the white wall.


6.attend v.看护;治疗;陪同(熟义:v.出席;参加)

The nurse attended to him day and night.


7.available adj.(人)有空的(熟义:adj.可得到的;可找到的)

The professor is now available.


8. break n. 课间/工间休息(熟义:v.折断,断裂)

Let's have a break. 让我们休息一会儿。


9. bear vt. 忍受(熟义:n熊)

I can't bear this pain. 我无法忍受这样的痛苦。


10. stand vt. 忍受(熟义:v.站)

I can't stand being treated like this. 我受不了别人这么对我。


11.blank adj.没表情的;空虚的;没兴趣的(熟义:adj.空白的;n.空白)

The stranger returned my greeting with a blank look.


12.blue adj.忧伤的(熟义:adj.& n.蓝色)

His songs always make me feel blue.


13.cloudy adj.不明朗的,不清晰的(熟义:adj.阴的,多云的)

Who will take his place still remains cloudy.


14. china n. 瓷器(熟义:n.中国)

I will buy a set of china. 我要买一套瓷器。


15.coach v.辅导,指导(熟义:n.教练)

She coached me in playing football.


16.count vt.有价值,重要(熟义:n.& v.计算,数)

It is not how much you read but what you read that counts.


17.course n.一道菜(熟义:n.课程;过程)

The courses vary with seasons.


18. cross adj.生气的   n.十字架(熟义:v.跨越,横穿;)

It is not right for you to wear a cross.

Don’t be cross with him—after all,he is a child.


19. can n. 罐头(熟义:aux..能够)

This is a can of oranges.这是一罐头桔子。


20. clear vi. 天气转晴(熟义:adj.清晰)

The sky will clear up this afternoon. 下午天将转晴。


21. cost vt. 使丧失(熟义:v.花费)

The storm cost the king all his ships. 这场暴风雨使国王失掉了所有船只。


22. date vi. 始于或属于(某一历史时期);n. 约会(熟义:n.日子)

This tower dates from / back to the 14th century. 此塔历史可追溯到十四世纪。I will have a date with Jenny tonight. 今晚我与詹妮有约会。


23.desert v.抛弃,离弃(熟义:n.沙漠)

He deserted his wife and children and went abroad.


24.develop v.冲印(熟义:v.发展;开发;研制)

Did you have the films developed?

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25.disabled adj.有障碍的,失去功能的(熟义:adj.有残疾的,无能力的)

One more look and he noticed flames shooting out from under the disabled vehicle.


26.drive v.迫使某人(做不好的事)(熟义:v.驾驶)

Hunger drove her to steal.


27.divorce v.使分离;使脱离(熟义:v.与某人离婚)

You can’t divorce science from ethical questions.


28.draw v.获得,取得,推断出(熟义:v.画;拖;拉)

What moral are we to draw from the story?


29.express n.快车(熟义:v.表达)

Is there an express from Nanjing to Shanghai?


30.encourage v.促进,助长,刺激(熟义:vt.鼓励;激励)

Good health encourages clear thinking.


31.escape v.被忘掉;被忽视(熟义:v.逃跑;逃脱)

The name escapes me for the moment.


32.explode v.勃然大怒;大发雷霆(熟义:v.爆炸;爆裂)

I’m about to explode!He broke his promise again.


33.exploit v.利用(熟义:v.开发;开采;剥削)

You must exploit every opportunity to learn English.


34. fire vt. 解雇(熟义:v.开火,射击)

Work hard or you will be fired. 努力工作,否则你将被解雇。


35. fine vt. 罚款(熟义:adj.好的)

If you pay no attention to the red light and run across the street, you'll be fined.如果你对红灯不予理睬,强行过马路,你将被罚款。


36. fall n. 秋天(熟义:v.掉落)

In fall all the leaves fall of themselves. 秋天所有树叶都会无风自落。


37.fail v.不足;缺乏(熟义:v.失败)

Last year the rain failed and many crops died.


38.foreign adj.不熟悉的(熟义:adj.外国的;外交的)

The subject is foreign to all of us.


39.fresh adj.无经验的(熟义:adj.新鲜的)

She is quite fresh to the work.


40. flat n. 一套房间(熟义:adj.水平的,平坦的)

I have a flat in this building. 我在这幢楼里有一套房间。


41. green adj. 青的,生的(熟义:n.绿色)

These apples are still green, you can't pick them.这些苹果还未成熟,请别摘。


42. gift n. 天资,才能(熟义:n.礼物)

He has a gift for music. 他有音乐天赋。


43. good n. 好处,利益(熟义:adj.好的)

We study for the good of the people. 我们为人民利益而学习。


44.gain v.(钟表)快(熟义:v.获得;赢得)

Don’t worry.My watch gains.We still have time.


45.ground n.理由(熟义:n.地面)

He has strong grounds for more money.


46.govern vt.影响;支配(熟义:v.管理;控制)

The law of supply and demand governs the prices of goods.


47. hold vt. 容纳,盛得下(熟义:v.抓住)

Our classroom can hold 100 students. 我们的教室可容纳100个学生。


48.hit n.成功;红极一时的人或事(熟义:v.击中,打击)

He is quite a hit of this year.

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49. interest n. 利益(熟义:n.兴趣v.对。。。感兴趣)

I criticize you for your interest. 我批评你是为了你好。


50. iron n. 熨斗(熟义:n.铁)

She is pressing her dress with an iron. 他在用熨斗烫衣服。


51.ill adj.& adv.坏的/地(熟义:adj.生病的)

It’s no good speaking ill of others.


52.interest n.利益;股份(熟义:n.兴趣)

Our family has interests in the business.


53.invite v.吸引(熟义:v.邀请)

Don’t leave the window open—it’s inviting thieves to enter.


54.inspire v.启发(熟义:v.激励;鼓舞)

His best music was inspired by the memory of his mother.


55.jump n.& v.大幅度上涨(熟义:v.& n.跳跃)

Last week the price of goods jumped.


56.kid v.开玩笑;欺骗(熟义:n.小孩)

Take it easy.I’m just kidding.


57.kill v.消磨(时间)(熟义:v.杀掉;害死)

That guy hangs around all day long,killing time.


58.lose vi.(钟表)慢(熟义:v.失去;丢掉)

Please hurry!My watch loses 10 minutes.


59. lift n. 电梯(熟义:v.提起,拎起)

The building is too high, please take the lift. 楼房太高了,请乘电梯。


60. lay 下蛋,产卵(熟义:v.放置)

The hens lay there, laying eggs. 母鸡伏在那里下蛋。


61.last adj.最不可能的(熟义:adj.最后的)

He is the last man I want to see.


62. must n. 必须做的事情(熟义:aux.必须)

To learn English well is a must. 学好英语是非常必要的。


63. mine n. 矿山;vt. 开采(矿物)(熟义:pron.我的)

This mine will be opened. 这个矿井将被开采。Coal is mined from underground. 煤采自地下。


64.mean adj.自私的,卑鄙的,吝啬的(熟义:v.意思是,意味着)

It’s mean of you to eat up all the apples.


65.note v.注意,指出,特别提到(熟义:n.笔记)

I noted that her hands were dirty.


66.open adj.(问题、议事等)未解决的(熟义:v.开;adj.开着的,打开的)

They left the matter open.


67.operate vi.起作用(熟义:vi.运转;操作;做手术)

The medicine operated quickly.


68.part v.分手;放弃;卖掉(熟义:n.部分;零件;角色)

In order to raise money,he had to part with some of his most treasured possessions.


69.pleasant adj.和蔼可亲的,友善的(熟义:adj.令人愉快的)

He’s always been very pleasant to me.


70. promise vt. 有希望(熟义:n.承诺,保证)

He promises to be a scientist. 他有希望成为科学家。


71.position n.立场;观点(熟义:n.位置;职位)

What’s your position on the problem?


72.promise v.有……的希望;使……有可能(熟义:v.& n.许诺)

The dark clouds promise rain.

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73.rate v.对……作出评价;被认为,被评价为(熟义:n.比率;速度)

These potatoes rate among the best.


74.read v.理解;领会(熟义:v.阅读)

I didn’t read mother’s thoughts at that time.


75. race n. 种族,人种(熟义:n.赛跑,比赛)

They are black races. 他们是黑色人种。


76. run vt. 经营,开办;操作(熟义:v.跑)

He runs a famous school. 他开办着一所著名学校。He is running a machine. 他正在操作一台机器。


77. reflect v.沉思;思考(on/upon)(熟义:v.映出;反射)

I need time to reflect on your offer.


78. safe adj.谨慎的;小心的(熟义:adj.安全的)

He is a safe man.You can count on him.


79.say vt.假定;显示;表明(熟义:vt.说)

Say that war breaks out,what will you do?


80.shoulder v.承担(熟义:n.肩膀)

Young people should learn to shoulder the blame.


81. spring v.跳,跃;突然出现(熟义:n.春天;泉水)

The spring has run dry. 这眼泉干涸了。

This is a dead spring. 这弹簧失去了弹性。

He rose with a spring. 他一跃而起。

The ball sprang back and hit him. 球弹回打在他身上。

Fast food restaurants are springing up all over the city.


82. seat vt. 可容纳……,坐得下……人(熟义:n.座位)

Our hall can seat 1 000 people. 我们的大厅可容纳1000人。


83. second n. 秒(熟义:num.第二)

A minute is equal to sixty seconds. 一分钟等于60秒。


84. some adv. 大约(熟义:pron.一些)


There are some fifty students in our class. 我们班大约有五十个学生。


85. sound vt. 使发出声音

If there is a fire, please sound the fire alarm. 如果发生火灾,请按火警。


86.strength n.强项,优点,优势(熟义:n.力气)

Maths is not my strength.


87. table n. 表格(熟义:n.桌子)

This is a railway timetable. 这是一张火车时刻表。


88. tear vt. 撕(熟义:n.眼泪)

He tore the letter open. 他将信撕开了。


89. word n. 消息,情报(熟义:n.字,单词)

Word comes that there will be a film this evening. 有消息说,今晚将有一场电影。


90. world n. ……界/领域(熟义:n.世界)

He is very popular in the world of music. 他在音乐界颇受欢迎。


91.walk n.行业(熟义:v.& n.行走;步行)

This society welcomes people from all walks of life.


92.wear vt.表露,流露,面带(熟义:vt.穿戴)

The girl always wears a happy smile.


93.weigh v.权衡;斟酌(熟义:v.称……的重量;重达)

Please weigh the advantages and disadvantages of doing this!


94. wind vt. 使弯曲前进  vi. 迂回,蜿蜒(熟义:n.风)

The Great Wall of China winds its way from west to east.长城自西向东蜿蜒前进。


95. way n. 领域,场合(熟义:n.方法,路)

Science can help peasants in many ways. 科学可在很多领域对农民们有帮助。


96. will n. 意志,决心(熟义:aux.将。。。n.  遗愿,意志力)

He has a strong will. 他有坚强的意志。



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