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河北专接本英语常考的九类动词有哪些?

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1、表示“使/让······”概念的动词

这类动词常见的有:have, let, make, get, keep, drive, send, leave, force, cause等。它们后边分别可跟不定式,分词,形容词、介词短语,名词等作宾语补足语。


例如:I felt sorry to have kept you waiting for me so long. 对不起,让你久等了。

The victory sent our spirits rising. 胜利使得我们情绪高涨。


2、不定式做宾补,不定式符号可以省略的动词

常见的有: see, watch, hear, observe, feel, notice, listen to, look at等感官动词及表示使役概念的have, let, make等。这类词在变为被动语态时,其后不定式符号 to常补出。


例如:We are made to work far into the night. 我们被迫干活到深夜。注:在这种结构中,watch,have,let一般不变为被动语态。如:The boy was watched to come out。(误)


3、不定式作宾语补足语,其后内容省略只保留不定式符号动词

此类动词常见的有:refuse, want, intend, oblige, mean, expect,tell, hope, like, love, plan, try, prefer, wish等。


例如:-----Why did you cause the baby cry?

-----I didn't mean to.


4、引导宾语从句用虚拟语气的动词

这类动词在引导宾语从句时常用:should+动词原形,should可以省略,常见的有:order, demend, suggest, insist, require, advise, decide, propose等。


例如:He ordered that we should do it at>He advised we should do more speaking practice in order to improve our English. 他建议我们要想提高英语水平应练习说。


5、形式主动、意义被动的动词

常见的有:work, open, close, write, cut, look, teach, operate, run, keep, burn, last等。此类词的主语常为物。而且还常与表示特征、状况、行为、方式的副词well, easily, long等连用。


例如:The clothing sells well.

This kind of fruit can keep long.


6、充当系动词的行为动词

这类动词不能单独构成动词词组,其后须带有表语(名词、形容词、副词、介词短语,不定式,V-ing,V-ed)构成系表结构,常见的有feel, sound, taste, look, smell, seem, appear, become, turn, grow, make, go, run, keep, stay, prove等。


例如:It sounded like a train that was going under my house. 听起来,象有火车在楼下飞驰而过。

Keep fit,study hard and wok well. 身体好,学习好,工作好。


7、只接动名词作宾语的动词

此类动词常见的有: appreciate, advise, suggest, finish, consider, enjoy, imagine, mind, miss, practise, keep, delay, risk, excuse, resist, avoid, escape, admit, forgive, permit, require, prevent, pardon, allow等。


例如:I appreciate her devoting herself to the cause of education. 我非常钦佩她献身教育的精神。

Do you mind my asking a question? 我问你一个问题你不介意吧?


8、既可接现在分词又可接过去分词作宾补的动词

此类动词常见的有:get, keep, have, leave, find, see, notice, hear等。


例如:He had the lights burning all night long.

Yesday Xiao Ming had his hair cut, I hardly recognized him.


9、构成固定短语的“短语动词”

此类动词在英语中数量较大。如:act as 充当, beleve in 相信, come across 遇见, deal with 处理, engage in 从事, blead to 导致, refer to 提到, send for 派人前往, cut in 插嘴, die out 灭绝, set off 出发, warm up 暖和起来, make fun of 取笑, make friends with与······交朋友, set fire on 点火, date back to 追溯到, get along with 与······相处, look forward to 期望, run out of 用光, do away with 废除。


例如:We must look into the matter immediately.我们必须马上调查此事。

The old should learn form the young and keep up with the times.老年人应向青年人学习,跟上时代发展的步伐。


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